EXODUS 12:1-3 "1 And the LORD spake unto Moses and Aaron in the land of Egypt, saying, 2 This month shall be unto you the beginning of months: it shall be the first month of the year to you. 3 Speak ye unto all the congregation of Israel, saying, In the tenth day of this month they shall take to them every man a lamb, according to the house of their fathers, a lamb for an house: 7 And they shall take of the blood, and strike it on the two side posts and on the upper door post of the houses, wherein they shall eat it. 11 And thus shall ye eat it; with your loins girded, your shoes on your feet, and your staff in your hand; and ye shall eat it in haste: it is the LORD'S passover. 12 For I will pass through the land of Egypt this night, and will smite all the firstborn in the land of Egypt, both man and beast; and against all the gods of Egypt I will execute judgment: I am the LORD. 13 And the blood shall be to you for a token upon the houses where ye are: and when I see the blood, I will pass over you, and the plague shall not be upon you to destroy you, when I smite the land of Egypt."


This is the actual beginning of the nation Israel. God was going to bring them out of bondage and give them a fresh start and that warranted a New Year's Celebration. They had gone down to Egypt as a family and now they are coming out as a nation - yet they are still all descendants of Jacob so, in actuality, they are still one big family. God puts a lot of emphasis on the family in this chapter. Family used to be a lot more important than it seems to be today. Families used to go to church together, have a devotion time together and pray together before going to bed. Now it seems everyone is too busy doing their own thing to even have dinner together.

Each family was to kill a lamb. They were not to have too little or too much. If a couple had no children, they were to join with their neighbors and share their lamb. The blood was to be painted on the sides and above the door of each house. The flesh was to be roasted with fire and eaten the same night with unleavened bread and bitter herbs. The blood of the lamb would cover everyone in the house. Even the little children who did not even realize what was taking place that night. Children who have not come to the age of accountability are still covered by the blood of the lamb today!

The Feast Of The Passover was to be eaten while they were fully dressed, including shoes and staff, and it was to be eaten in a hurry. God was going to execute judgment on Egypt on this blackest of nights. It would be a night that would never be forgotten.

For the religions in the world that depend on works or chants or priests to get them to heaven, I can only say, read verse 13. "And when I see the blood, I will pass over you." We are not saved by works. We are not saved because we are a member of a certain church. We are not saved because we have confessed our sins to a priest. We can only be saved if we have the blood of the lamb applied to our hearts, and we can only have the blood applied if we believe and confess that Jesus Christ is the son of God, died on Calvary and arose again on the third day. Once the boold has been applied and we stay inside the house, then we will be safe!


EXODUS 12:14-15 "14 And this day shall be unto you for a memorial; and ye shall keep it a feast to the LORD throughout your generations; ye shall keep it a feast by an ordinance for ever. 15 Seven days shall ye eat unleavened bread; even the first day ye shall put away leaven out of your houses: for whosoever eateth leavened bread from the first day until the seventh day, that soul shall be cut off from Israel."

Leaven is used to represent evil. In Matthew 16:6, Jesus told His disciples to "Beware of the leaven of the Pharisees and of the Sadducees." God was warning His people to be careful not to mix the practices of other religions in with their worship of the Lord. The Feast Of The Passover was eaten as a reminder of when God brought them out of Egypt, a heathen nation that served other gods. They were to be careful as they passed through these other nations on their way to Canaan that they did not pick up some of their practices along the way. We will learn later on that this is exactly what they did!



EXODUS 12:29-36 "29 And it came to pass, that at midnight the LORD smote all the firstborn in the land of Egypt, from the firstborn of Pharaoh that sat on his throne unto the firstborn of the captive that was in the dungeon; and all the firstborn of cattle. 30 And Pharaoh rose up in the night, he, and all his servants, and all the Egyptians; and there was a great cry in Egypt; for there was not a house where there was not one dead. 31 And he called for Moses and Aaron by night, and said, Rise up, and get you forth from among my people, both ye and the children of Israel; and go, serve the LORD, as ye have said. 32 Also take your flocks and your herds, as ye have said, and be gone; and bless me also. 33 And the Egyptians were urgent upon the people, that they might send them out of the land in haste; for they said, We be all dead men. 34 And the people took their dough before it was leavened, their kneadingtroughs being bound up in their clothes upon their shoulders. 35 And the children of Israel did according to the word of Moses; and they borrowed of the Egyptians jewels of silver, and jewels of gold, and raiment: 36 And the LORD gave the people favour in the sight of the Egyptians, so that they lent unto them such things as they required. And they spoiled the Egyptians."

This is the last plague. There was not one house in the whole land of Egypt without a death that night. Not even the animals were spared. God was tired of fooling around with the Egyptians. Pharaoh had to finally admit that he was no match for the God of Israel. He not only let the people go, he kicked them out of Egypt. The bible says they spoiled the Egyptians. They took their jewels of gold and silver and their clothes. But what they took was justified because they had worked for years with no compensation. Even though we may go for years without seeing any reward for our hard work, God has a payday waiting for all His people. Remember God had told them to eat the Passover Feast without leaven, with their shoes on and with their staff in their hand? Well they were thrust out of Egypt. They had to leave in a hurry. They did not have time to put the leaven in their bread and wait for it to rise, they did not even have time to get dressed and put on their shoes. They collected what was owed them from their neighbors, the Egyptians, and ran for their lives. They had been living in Goshen for 430 years and it came down to this one night and last plague. The bible says that the Egytians were urgent to send them out of the land..."for they said, We be all dead men."


EXODUS 12:37-38 "37 And the children of Israel journeyed from Rameses to Succoth, about six hundred thousand on foot that were men, beside children. 38 And a mixed multitude went up also with them; and flocks, and herds, even very much cattle."


When Israel came out of Egypt there were six hundred thousand men, that is not counting the women and children. There were probably well over a million people. What a sight that must have been! Besides the people who were directly descended from Jacob, a mixed multitude went with them. This would be the product of an Egyptian marrying an Israelite. The offspring of these unions would have to decide whether to remain in Egypt or go with Israel into the desert. We will find later on that this mixed multitude would be a cause of trouble for Israel. Many churches today have a similar problem with people who join the church but were never saved. They can make a lot of problems for the church!



If one of the Israelites had gone outside of the house for something (like more firewood) the night of the Passover, do you think their family would have suffered a death?

If an Egyptain family had heard of the blood of the Passover and applied the blood of a lamb on their door posts in faith, do you think the first born of their home would have been spared?

Thank you so much for doing the
Bible Study with us this week.
I hope you enjoyed your visit.



Take the test!

Now you can take a test after each 5 chapters.
Click here to go to Exam 13


View or Post to our Message Board!


{Exodus 11} {Exodus 13}


You can have a homepage on the internet!
Click below for details!
Business pages also available.



For more Christian Sites like this one, click below.

CrossDaily.com    {TOP SITE AWARD}

Search the Bible: