Leviticus 19
"1 And the LORD spake unto Moses, saying, 2 Speak unto all the congregation of the children of Israel, and say unto them, Ye shall be holy: for I the LORD your God am holy. 3 Ye shall fear every man his mother, and his father, and keep my sabbaths: I am the LORD your God. 4 Turn ye not unto idols, nor make to yourselves molten gods: I am the LORD your God. 5 And if ye offer a sacrifice of peace offerings unto the LORD, ye shall offer it at your own will. 9 And when ye reap the harvest of your land, thou shalt not wholly reap the corners of thy field, neither shalt thou gather the gleanings of thy harvest. 10 And thou shalt not glean thy vineyard, neither shalt thou gather every grape of thy vineyard; thou shalt leave them for the poor and stranger: I am the LORD your God."


God told Moses to tell the people "Ye shall be holy: For I the Lord your God am holy." He was reminding them that they were to be separate from the world. In order to be holy, we must keep ourselves separate from worldly things and sin. Although we must live in the world, we do not have to partake of the sins and vises of the world. Israel was forbidden to even marry anyone from another nation. They were a nation that belonged to God and were to be a people separated from the rest of the world. We find that they did not obey this rule, though, as they enter Canaan. Many of them begin to marry outside their nation! We will also find later on that this is one thing that led them to worship idols. When a Christian marries an unbeliever, there is a possibility that they will lead their spouse to God. But there is also a possibility that they will be led away from God by their spouse!

Notice how obeying your parents is put in the same sentence with observing the Sabbaths. I have watched for the last 30 years as obedience in children has declined. I hear children talking back to their parents and when they are told to do something they say, "no", while their parents do nothing! They just shake their heads and say, "I can't do anything with him." They should have started when he was old enough to know right from wrong. The first time you tell your child not to touch something and they do it anyway, they know right from wrong. Keeping the Sabbaths was just as important as being an obedient child and God still expects us to keep the Sabbath today. Years ago, I went to church with a lady who had 6 unruly children. The two things I remember most about her was that her children didn't mind her and she missed church a lot. She would miss a week or two and then come in on Sunday morning and say how close to God she had felt while she was in the mountains or at the lake. I'm not saying you should never take a vacation or even that you can't feel close to God anywhere besides church, but God makes it very plain all through the bible that He expects us to keep His Sabbaths, and in our age, that means joining yourself with other believers to worship and pray! The nation of Israel's Sabbath day was very stringent. They were not supposed to do any work, not even light a fire. They could do no cooking. The 40 years they spent in the desert, they gathered manna the day before the Sabbath so they wouldn't have to prepare any food.

God must be first in our lives. He stresses this over and over throughout the Bible. All sacrifices and peace offerings were to be given willingly. 2 Corinthians 9:7 says "Every man according as he purposeth in his heart, so let him give; not grudgingly, or of necessity: for God loveth a cheerful giver." If you are giving to a church or cause because you feel you have to or to impress others, you are giving for the wrong reasons. God wants us to bring our gifts to Him with a willing heart! He also want us to provide for the poor around us. He told the Israelites to leave some of the harvest in the fields and on the vines so the poor could have something to eat.

Leviticus 19
"11 Ye shall not steal, neither deal falsely, neither lie one to another. 12 And ye shall not swear by my name falsely, neither shalt thou profane the name of thy God: I am the LORD. 13 Thou shalt not defraud thy neighbour, neither rob him: the wages of him that is hired shall not abide with thee all night until the morning. 14 Thou shalt not curse the deaf, nor put a stumblingblock before the blind, but shalt fear thy God: I am the LORD. 15 Ye shall do no unrighteousness in judgment: thou shalt not respect the person of the poor, nor honour the person of the mighty: but in righteousness shalt thou judge thy neighbour. 16 Thou shalt not go up and down as a talebearer among thy people: neither shalt thou stand against the blood of thy neighbour: I am the LORD. 17 Thou shalt not hate thy brother in thine heart: thou shalt in any wise rebuke thy neighbour, and not suffer sin upon him. 18 Thou shalt not avenge, nor bear any grudge against the children of thy people, but thou shalt love thy neighbour as thyself: I am the LORD."

God is reiterating the same commandments given in Exodus 20. These laws and rules were so important that He goes over and over them so as to instill them in the minds of the people so they would not forget.
They were not to:

    Deal falsely
    Swear falsely by God's name
    Profane God's name
    Defraud or rob
    Curse, impede or ridicule the weak or handicapped
    Be prejudice of people who were poor
    Esteem people of wealth or power
    Seek revenge
    Carry a grudge
This is a list that we would do well to live by today! In addition to these don'ts God also says we are to try to reason with one another when there is a dispute (vs.17) and we are to love our neighbor. In the parable of the good Samaritan, in Luke 10, Jesus said that the man who had fallen into the hands of robbers was the Samaritan's neighbor. The word neighbor is used throughout the bible to mean all other people.

Leviticus 19
"19 Ye shall keep my statutes. Thou shalt not let thy cattle gender with a diverse kind: thou shalt not sow thy field with mingled seed: neither shall a garment mingled of linen and woollen come upon thee. 26 Ye shall not eat any thing with the blood: neither shall ye use enchantment, nor observe times. 27 Ye shall not round the corners of your heads, neither shalt thou mar the corners of thy beard. 28 Ye shall not make any cuttings in your flesh for the dead, nor print any marks upon you: I am the LORD. 29 Do not prostitute F35 thy daughter, to cause her to be a whore; lest the land fall to whoredom, and the land become full of wickedness."

Ezekiel 44
"44:17 And it shall come to pass, that when they enter in at the gates of the inner court, they shall be clothed with linen garments; and no wool shall come upon them, whiles they minister in the gates of the inner court, and within. 44:18 They shall have linen bonnets upon their heads, and shall have linen breeches upon their loins; they shall not gird themselves with any thing that causeth sweat."

There are too many practices mentioned in this chapter to print, let alone trying to cover them all. Many of the laws and rules given here are probably given to discourage an idolatrous practice. There were many such practices among the heathen nations. For example: The Zabians, or fire worshippers, sowed different seeds while doing magical rites. For practical purposes, the seeds of flowers should be sown in one field, grains in another and vegetables in still another so the pollen wouldn't mix and produce an inferior plant. As for not wearing a garment mingled of linen and wool, I have heard many people say this is just a silly rule. After all, men today wear wool suits with a linen shirt. But that is not what this scripture says. It says a garment mingled of linen and wool. Notice the above scripture from Ezekiel prohibits the priests from wearing wool because it is hot and would cause them to sweat. The climate where the Israelites were was hot and dry. Notice what "Whitlaw" says about this scripture:

    "Wool, when combined with linen, increases its power of passing off the electricity from the body. In hot climates, it brings on malignant fevers and exhausts the strength; and when passing off from the body, it meets with the heated air, inflames and excoriates like a blister" [WHITLAW].
All of the laws or rules God gave the Israelites were given for a purpose and most of them were just common sense laws! The fruit trees were not allowed to bear fruit for the first few years so they could grow and mature, thus the fruit would be better when it was allowed to grow. Eating meat with the blood, using enchantments, cutting hair or beards in a certain fashion, cutting their flesh, and giving their daughters to prostitution was all forms of idolatrous practices preformed by the heathen nations.

Leviticus 19
30 Ye shall keep my sabbaths, and reverence my sanctuary: I am the LORD. 31 Regard not them that have familiar spirits, neither seek after wizards, to be defiled by them: I am the LORD your God. 37 Therefore shall ye observe all my statutes, and all my judgments, and do them: I am the LORD."

God's people were to keep His Sabbaths and reverence His sanctuary and stay away from idolatrous practices, superstitions, wizards and fortunetellers! They were to welcome strangers and love them. They were to be honest and just in all their dealings. God says, "I am the Lord" sixteen times in this chapter. His people were not to question why they were to do these things, they were to do them because He said to and




Leviticus 20
"1 And the LORD spake unto Moses, saying, 2 Again, thou shalt say to the children of Israel, Whosoever he be of the children of Israel, or of the strangers that sojourn in Israel, that giveth any of his seed unto Molech; he shall surely be put to death: the people of the land shall stone him with stones. 6 And the soul that turneth after such as have familiar spirits, and after wizards, to go a whoring after them, I will even set my face against that soul, and will cut him off from among his people. 9 For every one that curseth his father or his mother shall be surely put to death: he hath cursed his father or his mother; his blood shall be upon him. 10 And the man that committeth adultery with another man's wife, even he that committeth adultery with his neighbour's wife, the adulterer and the adulteress shall surely be put to death. 23 And ye shall not walk in the manners of the nation, which I cast out before you: for they committed all these things, and therefore I abhorred them. 24 But I have said unto you, Ye shall inherit their land, and I will give it unto you to possess it, a land that floweth with milk and honey: I am the LORD your God, which have separated you from other people. 26 And ye shall be holy unto me: for I the LORD am holy, and have severed you from other people, that ye should be mine. 27 A man also or woman that hath a familiar spirit, or that is a wizard, shall surely be put to death: they shall stone them with stones: their blood shall be upon them."


    Canaanite god of fire to whom children were offered in sacrifice; he is also known as an Assyrian god. He is attested as early as the 3d millennium b.c., although most known references to him come from the later period represented by the Hebrew Bible, according to which Solomon and later Ahaz introduced the worship of him into Judah. He had a sanctuary at Tophet, in the valley of Hinnom S of Jerusalem."

Anyone sacrificing their children to the heathen god Molech would be put to death. Anyone seeking advise from fortunetellers or wizards would be cut off from Israel and, anyone found to have a familiar spirit was to be put to death. Anyone who cursed his father or mother would be put to death. Anyone caught in the act of adultery was to be put to death. Anyone who had sex with a blood relative was to be put to death. A man who had sex with a man or a woman who had sex with a woman was to be put to death; this is one of the few sins that God calls an abomination. Likewise, a human who had sex with an animal was to be killed!

God was willing to give the nation of Israel the land of the heathen nations He had cast out but only if they were willing to keep themselves separated from the idolatrous practices of those nations and put Him first in all they did! We will find later on in the Old Testament that the nation of Israel corrupted themselves with the heathen nations and their gods. I'm afraid America is headed down this same path today!


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