This chapter is about the peace offering. A sacrifice from the herd, the flock and the goats. The peace offering is not about peace with ourselves or world peace, it is about peace with God through Christ; the only way we can come to God is through Jesus Christ.
Leviticus 3:1 "And if his oblation be a sacrifice of peace offering, if he offer it of the herd; whether it be a male or female, he shall offer it without blemish before the LORD. 2 And he shall lay his hand upon the head of his offering, and kill it at the door of the tabernacle of the congregation: and Aaron's sons the priests shall sprinkle the blood upon the altar round about. 3 And he shall offer of the sacrifice of the peace offering an offering made by fire unto the LORD; the fat that covereth the inwards, and all the fat that is upon the inwards, 4 And the two kidneys, and the fat that is on them, which is by the flanks, and the caul above the liver, with the kidneys, it shall he take away. 5 And Aaron's sons shall burn it on the altar upon the burnt sacrifice, which is upon the wood that is on the fire: it is an offering made by fire, of a sweet savour unto the LORD."
The peace offerings were used for three purposes. They could be offered as a praise offering,
a thank offering or to fulfil a Nazarite vow. Although they were used mainly for only three
occasions, they were used for many other celebrations in the personal life of the Jews and the
nation Israel. Peace offerings represented the sacrifices which were eaten in communion with
God and there was considerable flexibility as to what kind of animal was pemitted. The
sacrifices were to still be without blemish but they could be male or female, according
to the ability of the one presenting the offering. Birds were not acceptable, however,
because they were too small to make a complete meal for these occasions.
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