There were two offerings that were not sweet savor offerings and they propose the work of Christ on the Cross for sin. Chapter 4 covers the sins of ignorance; sins of the priest; sins of the congregation; sins of the ruler and sins of the common people. This chapter is twice as long as the other 4 chapters on offerings and is the most important of all the offerings.
Leviticus 4:1 "And the LORD spake unto Moses, saying, 2 Speak unto the children of Israel, saying, If a soul shall sin through ignorance against any of the commandments of the LORD concerning things which ought not to be done, and shall do against any of them: 3 If the priest that is anointed do sin according to the sin of the people; then let him bring for his sin, which he hath sinned, a young bullock without blemish unto the LORD for a sin offering. 4 And he shall bring the bullock unto the door of the tabernacle of the congregation before the LORD; and shall lay his hand upon the bullock's head, and kill the bullock before the LORD. 5 And the priest that is anointed shall take of the bullock's blood, and bring it to the tabernacle of the congregation: 6 And the priest shall dip his finger in the blood, and sprinkle of the blood seven times before the LORD, before the veil of the sanctuary. 7 And the priest shall put some of the blood upon the horns of the altar of sweet incense before the LORD, which is in the tabernacle of the congregation; and shall pour all the blood of the bullock at the bottom of the altar of the burnt offering, which is at the door of the tabernacle of the congregation."
This offering is for the people who committed sin in ignorance, not for willful transgressors. Those who willfully transgressed the law of Moses died without mercy under two or three witnesses. Man is a sinner by nature and we sin in ignorance sometimes. But sin is a sin, regardless of why it was committed or who committed it and all sin requires a sacrifice for remission. That is what this sacrifice was provided for. We still need to offer up this sacrifice in the form of prayer today. Even if you think you have made it through a whole day without sin, remember, you are only human. When we pray, we need to ask God to forgive us of all our ignorant transgressions. When a man took a life by mistake in the Old Testament, God made provision for his deliverance by establishing the cities of refuge (Num. 35:11). He has a refuge for us, too. I John 2:1 tells us not to sin but, if we do, we have an advocate with the Father, which is Jesus Christ. He is our Refuge!
Leviticus 4:8 "And he shall take off from it all the fat of the bullock for the sin offering; the fat that covereth the inwards, and all the fat that is upon the inwards, 9 And the two kidneys, and the fat that is upon them, which is by the flanks, and the caul above the liver, with the kidneys, it shall he take away, 10 As it was taken off from the bullock of the sacrifice of peace offerings: and the priest shall burn them upon the altar of the burnt offering. 11 And the skin of the bullock, and all his flesh, with his head, and with his legs, and his inwards, and his dung, 12 Even the whole bullock shall he carry forth without the camp unto a clean place, where the ashes are poured out, and burn him on the wood with fire: where the ashes are poured out shall he be burnt."
The fat and certain organs only were to be burnt on the altar. The rest of the bullock
was to be carried out of the camp and burned up in the place where the ashes were poured
out, just as Christ was crucified outside the city in the place of a skull where the ashes of
dead men were poured out. This sin offering was not to be eaten by the priests. It was to be
completely destroyed. Just as the sacrifice offered for sin was to be destroyed, so must we
abolish our sins today. If we want God to pardon us, we must completely do away with sin as
soon as it is discovered!
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