The book of Leviticus was actually written for the Priests, the tribe of Levi. The whole congregation of Israel was originally intended to be a nation of priests but because of their sin in making and worshipping the golden calf only one tribe was worthy to be chosen as priests. Today we are all priests. Hebrews 8:1 says we are "a chosen generation, a royal priesthood". A priest is one who intercedes to God for man. We all have an obligation to do this.
Leviticus 8:1 "And the LORD spake unto Moses, saying, 2 Take Aaron and his sons with him, and the garments, and the anointing oil, and a bullock for the sin offering, and two rams, and a basket of unleavened bread; 3 And gather thou all the congregation together unto the door of the tabernacle of the congregation."
God commanded Moses to bring Aaron and his sons and all the items that were to be used in the consecration of the priests. Every item is named. Nothing we use in service is trivial, God notices everything. The congregation was then gathered together at the door of the tabernacle to witness the consecration ceremony.
Leviticus 8:6 "And Moses brought Aaron and his sons, and washed them with water."
Moses brought Aaron and his sons to the laver and washed them with water. My mother is one of the cleanest people I know and I couldn't tell you how many times I have heard her say, "Cleanliness is next to Godliness." I used to even think that was a verse from the bible! Hebrews 10:22 says, "Let us draw near with a true heart in full assurance of faith, having our hearts sprinkled from an evil conscience, and our bodies washed with pure water." Ephesians 5:26 says, "That he might sanctify and cleanse it with the washing of water by the word," We are washed clean by the word of God as it convicts our hearts and we confess our sins and rid our lives of those sins. We cannot serve God if we are unclean!
Leviticus 8:7 "And he put upon him the coat, and girded him with the girdle, and clothed him with the robe, and put the ephod upon him, and he girded him with the curious girdle of the ephod, and bound it unto him therewith. 8 And he put the breastplate upon him: also he put in the breastplate the Urim and the Thummim. 9 And he put the mitre upon his head; also upon the mitre, even upon his forefront, did he put the golden plate, the holy crown; as the LORD commanded Moses."
The high priest wore eight articles of clothing. Four were the same as worn by all the priests and four were worn only by the high priest. The coat, girdle, mitre (turban) and breeches were worn by all the priests. The coat, girdle and breeches were made out of white linen which speaks of righteousness. These garments are described in detail in Exodus 28 as is the breastplate where the Urim and Thummim were kept. Urim means light and Thummim means perfection. Some believe these were divining stones but whatever they were, they were used by the priests to discern the will of God. The mitre was a headdress which had Holiness To The Lord engraved on it. The priest also had stones on each shoulder with 6 of the twelve tribes of Israel written on each one. After the priests were dressed, they were anointed with oil which symbolizes the Holy Spirit. All this was done according to the commandment of God.
Leviticus 8:14 "And he brought the bullock for the sin offering: and Aaron and his sons laid their hands upon the head of the bullock for the sin offering."
The priests laid their hands on the head of the
bullock and their sins were transfered onto the beast just as our
sins are transfered to the perfect Lamb of God when we reach out and touch
Jesus. Verses 15-21 speak of the burnt offering which comes after the sin
offering. The ram of consecration in verses 22-24 was a trespass
offering. The blood was placed on the priests' ear, thumbs and big toe on
the right side. The ear signifies listening, the thumb service and the
foot walking. We cannot serve God if we don't listen to Him, work for Him
and walk with Him.
Leviticus 9:1 "And it came to pass on the eighth day, that Moses called Aaron and his sons, and the elders of Israel; 2 And he said unto Aaron, Take thee a young calf for a sin offering, and a ram for a burnt offering, without blemish, and offer them before the LORD. 3 And unto the children of Israel thou shalt speak, saying, Take ye a kid of the goats for a sin offering; and a calf and a lamb, both of the first year, without blemish, for a burnt offering; 4 Also a bullock and a ram for peace offerings, to sacrifice before the LORD; and a meat offering mingled with oil: for to day the LORD will appear unto you."
After having remained in the tabernacle for seven days,
Aaron was ready to begin his service as the high priest. The eighth day
was the first day of the week. This was the same as when Christ came back
from the dead and began His office as High Priest. The priests were not
perfect and sinless. They were mere men and needed to offer sacrifice for
forgiveness of sins. Jesus, the Great High Priest, is the only one who was
sinless and did not need atonement. He was the final sacrifice for man's
sins. After the priests offered a sacrifice for themselves the people were
instructed to bring their sacrifice: 1. a kid of the goats for the sin
offering, 2. a calf and a lamb for the burnt offering, 3. a bullock and a
ram for the peace offering, and finally 4. a meal and oil offering.
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